A diet for hypoglycemia is an option that all people with diabetes should know for a quick treatment of this condition when it appears. It can be very serious, so it is necessary to pay attention to the symptoms and remedy it as soon as possible.
Today, diabetes has become an endemic disease worldwide. This pathology leads to an inability to keep blood sugar levels stable, leading to the appearance of hyperglycemia that, sometimes, turn into the opposite.
Diabetes is behind hypoglycemia.
The most recent research shows that carbohydrate consumption is generally excessive. This dietary abuse of sugars conditions metabolic health, making it worse.
In this way, the pancreas is under constant stress and can lose the ability to make insulin in the necessary doses. Without the hormone in question, sugar does not enter the cells and remains circulating in high amounts in the blood.
One of the characteristics of this pathology is that it is chronic, so there is no cure. To manage it, it is necessary to make a series of changes in the diet. Otherwise, hypoglycemia could occur with the following symptoms:
- Increased heart rate.
- Increased appetite
Characteristics of hypoglycemia
Hypoglycemia is determined when blood glucose levels fall below 70 milligrams per deciliter of blood. When this situation takes place, the intake of a carbohydrate with a high glycemic index and of rapid absorption is necessary to elevate it to avoid greater evils.
Diet for hypoglycemia
If you suffer from occasional hypoglycemia, you should take into account the following dietary pattern to reverse the process:
- Eat 15-20 grams of sugar.
- Check blood glucose levels after 15 minutes.
- If normal values have not yet been reached, eat the same amount of carbohydrates again.
- When blood glucose has normalized, take small-volume meals frequently.
To keep it simple, we will tell you which foods contain 15 to 20 grams of sugar:
- 2 tablespoons of raisins.
- 1 tablespoon of sugar or honey.
- 4-6 ounces of milk chocolate.
For the prevention of pathology
Although acute hypoglycemia can be treated through diet, it is best to change certain eating habits to prevent its onset.
Regular intake of high-fiber carbohydrates has long been advocated to prevent blood glucose runaways, thus restricting consumption of simple sugars. According to research published in Nutrients, fiber is capable of modulating the gut microbiota and delaying the absorption of carbohydrates, thereby reducing insulin resistance and the risk of diabetes.
In parallel, very low carbohydrate plans have also been proposed to reduce the incidence of this disease; also to improve its handling. It may seem paradoxical, but there is sufficient scientific evidence that ketogenic diets are capable of preventing the appearance of hypoglycemia.
Some other complementary therapies may be able to improve metabolic health. An example of them is probiotic supplementation. According to a study published in the journal Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, these supplements induce changes in the intestinal flora capable of modulating the glycemic index of food.
Risk behaviors for the onset of hypoglycemia
In the same way, that diet can be adjusted to prevent and treat hypoglycemia. It is possible that it negatively influences the general management of blood sugar values.
The ingestion of simple sugars, for example, often causes post-prandial hypoglycemia (after eating) that drives blood sugar levels out of control. In the same way, some substances such as alcohol are capable of exerting a hypoglycemic effect, being its consumption dangerous in diabetic people.
Hypoglycemia is treated and prevented through diet
Adjusting the diet to individual needs is an important factor in reducing the risk of metabolic problems. It is necessary to moderate the consumption of simple sugars, especially in the case of sedentary people. Reducing carbohydrate intake is beneficial in reducing the incidence of diabetes and, with it, the possible associated hypoglycemia.
There are other effective strategies to prevent its onset, such as probiotic supplementation and restriction of alcohol consumption. If you have more doubts about this, or if you have already developed diabetes, it is best to consult a nutritionist to adjust your diet.