The gastric balloon is one of the techniques most used today to treat obesity. However, it is not used in the first instance but is reserved for those cases in which dietary measures, exercise, or other treatments have not worked.
Obesity is one of the most widespread and worrying health problems. Obese is defined as someone whose body mass index is greater than 30 kg / m2. There are different degrees and types of obesity, so each case must be studied in a specific way.
Due to the risks it entails, its treatment is multidisciplinary. That is, several professionals, intervene to provide various therapeutic options. In this case, we share everything related to the gastric balloon.
What is the gastric balloon?
The gastric balloon is also called an “intragastric balloon.” It consists of placing a silicone balloon in the stomach. It is full of serum, and what it does is occupy part of the stomach, so that it produces a continuous feeling of satiety.
By reducing the volume of the free stomach, the amount of food that is eaten is less. The procedure to place it is simple and does not require being admitted. Specifically, the device is introduced through a probe inserted through the mouth.
Once placed, the balloon is filled with the serum until it reaches the desired size. Recovery is very fast, and it is a technique that does not require incisions or scars. Also, shortly after placing the intragastric balloon, you begin to lose weight significantly.
Requirements to carry a gastric balloon
Although it may seem like a miraculous technique, the gastric balloon is not without risks or complications. The person who will put it must be aware that the most important thing is to have a healthy lifestyle and a proper diet.
It should only be used in people who have tried to lose weight through diet and exercise and have not obtained results. Otherwise, the person may lose weight but regain it over time.
The intragastric balloon is often placed in people with a BMI greater than 30. There should be no history of any stomach surgery. It is also important that the patient is willing to undergo close medical follow-up from that moment on.
The truth is that weight loss has great health benefits. Many pathologies are associated with obesity, such as gastroesophageal reflux, sleep apnea, or type 2 diabetes. Therefore, there should always be a prior awareness of the patient.
What risks does this technique present?
Although, as we have pointed out, it is a simple technique, there may be complications in some cases. It is normal for the intragastric balloon to produce discomfort such as nausea or pain in the first days.
The intragastric balloon can deflate, On some occasions.This is a twofold risk, as it can travel down the digestive system’s path and cause a bowel obstruction. There is also an increased risk of ulcers or stomach perforation.
What to remember about the gastric balloon?
The gastric balloon is a technique used for its effectiveness against obesity. However, it is exclusive for those patients who do not respond well to other treatments. Therefore, it is not suggested for everyone who is overweight, and it should not be the first-choice method of weight loss.
Obesity is a health problem that carries many risks. Although there is this and other treatments, you should always change your diet and avoid a sedentary lifestyle to overcome it. It is necessary to seek medical support and nutrition professionals.