The hypertext information is an authoring tool, link and distribution of information from various sources, which operates based on a structure, not sequential but associative, i.e. nonlinear, direct. Still, it leads from one thing to another, very the way of human thought.
This occurs through associative links called hyperlinks or cross-references, which lead from the main document to other secondary ones in which it is possible to retrieve supplementary or complementary information. This dynamic is called link or link (from English), and it is fundamental in the use of the Internet.
Hypertext, despite its name, is not limited to written or textual information, but can link to images, sounds, audiovisual documents, entire web pages or any other form of digital action (send an e-mail, download a file, etc.). The coexistence of this type of format is often called hypermedia.
Hypertext documents should be opened and read with a browser or browser (also “display” or “client”), which is a software computer designed for it, and the action of jumping from one hyperlink to another available on the Web is called surf the internet.
Characteristics of a hypertext
Hypertexts are characterized by being:
- Multimedia. As we said already, they are not limited to written text but can link to images, sounds, videos, etc.
- Digital Hypertext is typical of digital and cybernetic dynamics, it is untranslatable to paper or other media, although human memory seems to work similarly.
- Connectives. All hypertext leads to some part of the Web, except in cases where said link has been broken (missing files, pages no longer available, etc.).
- Interactive. Hypertexts require user action (generally, in operating systems such as Windows, a click of the mouse or mouse ) to operate, they are not triggered automatically.
- Reusable. The same hypertext can be used infinitely many times.
- Extensible. Hypertext allows you to extend the reading experience with other documents and extend the scope of the information available to the user.
- Transients. Since hypertexts are links, their validity will depend on whether the destination they lead to is available. Hyperlinks, whose destination is not available, are known as “down” or “broken.”
Uses of hypertext
Hypertext serves to:
- Provide reference material to readers. As secondary documents, added information, clarifying a concept, etc. This information can be both general and specific.
- Fragment the reading material. Allowing you to get to the point of the information requested by the user but leaving the door open so that, if you wish, you can access more relevant information or the rest of the document that you began to read ( previews ).