According to the weekly PNAD COVID, released today (3) by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), 83.5 million people constituted the country’s employed population in the week of June 7 to 13.
The estimated result shows stability concerning the previous week, of 83.7 million employed persons and concerning the week of May 3 to 9, of 83.9 million employed persons.
Of the total found, 8.5 million, or 12.5% of the Employed, work remotely. This contingent was statistically stable concerning the previous week, of 8.9 million or 13.2%, and also, concerning the week of May 3 to 9, of 8.6 million or 13.4%.
PNAD COVID is a version of the National Continuous Household Sample Survey (PNAD), carried out in partnership with the Ministry of Health, intending to quantify people with symptoms of COVID-19 and the impacts of the pandemic on the labor market.
The occupancy level in the week of June 7 to 13 was 49%, remaining stable concerning the previous week, of 49.3%, and compared to the week of May 3 to 9, of 49.4%.
The informality rate was also stable at 35%, both in comparison with the previous week, at 35.6%, and compared to the week of May 3 to 9, at 35.7%, reaching 29.2 million people.
In early May, there were 29.6 million. Among the informal ones, PNAD COVID cited private-sector employees without a license; domestic workers without a license; employees who do not contribute to the National Social Security Institute (INSS) self-employed workers who do not contribute to the INSS; and unpaid workers, who depend on the help of the resident of the household where they live or a relative.
According to the survey, about 12.4 million people, or the equivalent of 14.8% of the employed population, were away from work due to social distance.
There was a reduction concerning the previous week, of 13.5 million or 16.1% of the employed population, and also compared to the week of May 3 to 9, of 16.6 million or 19.8% of the employed. This means that around 1.1 million people may have returned to work with the flexibility of the social distance adopted in some cities in the country. In the first week of May, 16.6 million were away from work.
The research coordinator, Maria Lucia Vieira, observed that “in relation to the first week of May, the result may mean some return to work, but also the dismissal of personnel, as in this comparison the increase in the unemployed population by 2 million is observed. So these two effects may have occurred”.
In turn, the unemployed population reached 11.9 million people in the second week of June and was statistically stable compared to the previous week, of 11.2 million. However, it has grown compared to the week of May 3 to 9, with 9.8 million unemployed.
The population outside the labor force (who were neither working nor looking for work) totaled 74.9 million people, with statistical stability concerning the previous week (75 million) and a decrease concerning the week of May 3 to 9 ( 76.2 million).
In this population, about 26.7 million people (or 35.7% of the population outside the labor force) said that they would like to work. The number was stable concerning the previous week (26.8 million or 35.8%) and compared to the week of May 3 to 9 (27.1 million or 35.5%).
For 18.2 million people outside the force who would like to work and did not seek work, the alleged reason was the pandemic of the new coronavirus (COVID-19) or the fact that they had not found an occupation close to where they lived.
Symptoms of COVID-19
In the week of June 7 to 13, PNAD COVID 19 from IBGE estimated that 15.6 million people, or 7.4% of the country’s population, had at least one of the 12 symptoms associated with the flu syndrome – fever, cough, sore throat, difficulty breathing, headache, chest pain, nausea, stuffy or runny nose, fatigue, eye pain, loss of smell or taste and muscle pain – which are investigated by the research.
This contingent was stable compared to the previous week (15.8 million or 7.5% of the population) and fell concerning the week of May 3 to 9 (26.8 million or 12.7%).
About 3 million people (or 19.2% of those who had any symptoms) sought care at health centers, family health staff, Emergency Care Unit (UPA), emergency room or hospital of the Unified Health System (SUS) ), or even an outpatient or doctor’s office, emergency room or private hospital.
The contingent was stable concerning the previous week (2.8 million or 17.5%) but fell compared to the week of May 3 to 9 (3.7 million or 13.7%). More than 85% of these visits were in the public health network, the survey revealed.
Approximately 900 thousand people sought care at a public hospital, private or linked to the Armed Forces in the second week of June, showing stability concerning the previous week (943 thousand) and the week of May 3 to 9 (1.1 million). Among those who sought care, 110 thousand (12.2%) were hospitalized. In this case, there was also stability compared to the previous week (121 thousand or 12.8%) and the week of May 3 to 9 (97 thousand or 9.1%).