There are many different causes of body pain. It is such a common symptom that it could be attributed to almost any pathology. It is also one of the usual reasons for consultation.
It is defined as a subjective experience that generates an emotional impact and a worsening of the quality of life, both of the patient and his environment. This, especially, is noticeable in chronic cases.
In many cases, the evolution of pain will be acute, as in infections, and it is expected to be self-limiting. Instead, at other times, it can become prolonged and even chronic. Today we tell you about 10 causes of body pain that have relative frequency among the general population.
10 Most frequent causes of body pain
It is an acute respiratory illness caused by influenza A or B viruses, mainly during the winter. Its distribution is worldwide, there being no geographical area that is alien to the epidemics of the cold season.
In itself, the infectious process is self-limiting and uncomplicated. However, it is associated with higher mortality in certain risk populations, such as people with chronic diseases and immunocompromised individuals. They recommend annual preventive vaccination.
In patients with uncomplicated influenza, the illness may last for a week or more. He presents with respiratory symptoms such as mucus, sore throat, cough, fever, headache, myalgia (muscle pain), and weakness. Inflammation, especially in the throat, chest, and lungs, can also be painful.
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It is the most common cause of widespread chronic muscular and skeletal body pain. It occurs in up to 2% to 8% of the population. Pain is often accompanied by tiredness, memory problems, and sleep diseases. The etiology is unknown.
It is observed more frequently in women between 20 to 55 years old. Patients have no abnormalities on physical examination other than generalized soft tissue sensitivity. Laboratory and radiological studies are normal.
Treatment is aimed at reducing the main symptoms of this disorder, and a variety of pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapies are employed. Rehabilitation sessions and accompaniment by mental health professionals are useful.
3. Chronic fatigue syndrome
It is a disease whose cause remains uncertain. Being chronic and affecting much of the body is a disabling disorder that dramatically limits patients’ activities.
Its diagnosis is usually delayed or difficult, given the absence of studies that corroborate it—people with the problem manifest headaches, muscle, and joint pain.
L to Academia Nacional de Medicina has developed a set of criteria for diagnosis, which facilitate it. There must be substantial impairment in joining in professional, educational, social, or personal movements that persist for more than 6 months and are accompanied by tiredness that does not end with rest.
It is an autoimmune disease (the immune system attacks its tissues), chronic and unknown. It can affect any organ in the body, actually, and not just focus on a particular system. Due to damage and inflammation, body aches are common.
Also, patients may have fatigue, rashes, random fever, swelling, or redness around the joints, seizures, and sensitivity to sunlight. Treatment is complex because the response to medications is variable.
5. Lyme disease
It is a situation spread by ticks. It is characterized by the appearance of characteristic skin lesions in the form of migratory erythema (reddish spot on the skin). There is a pain in the big joints, fatigue, headache, and even muscle discomfort like punctures.
6. Infectious mononucleosis
The Epstein-Barr virus causes it. Also called kissing disease, since its transmission through saliva is part of the mode of spread.
It is characterized by fever, pharyngitis, fatigue, swollen glands, headaches, general malaise, and generalized body pain. Its evolution is self-limited, but the depletion of the physical reserves of the patients is very noticeable. During the peak period of pathology, it becomes impossible for them to sustain basic activities.
7. Rheumatoid arthritis
It is a chronic, systemic disorder of unknown origin. It is known that the underlying process that generates it is autoimmunity, but the situations that trigger the onset of symptoms are varied.
It mainly affects the joints, symmetrically, and leads to their destruction, causing deformities. In addition to pain, patients may manifest fatigue, myalgia, fever, weight loss, and depression. Its chronic condition and the evolution in acute episodes make boarding, not an easy task.
8. Multiple sclerosis
It is a demyelinating disease, that is, it damages the myelin layer of the nerves. It is autoimmune and constitutes the most common of these pathologies of the central nervous system.
Patients may experience pain, tingling, and other abnormal sensations. Other symptoms include weakness, exhaustion, blurred vision, temporary or permanent blindness, difficulty walking or standing, and memory disorders.
It occurs when the body loses more water than it ingests when drinking or eating. It can be caused by vomiting, diarrhea, high fever, or medications that make you urinate more than normal. Children and older adults are more likely to suffer.
Body water is an essential element for the proper functioning of the body. Its decrease will generate multiple symptoms, such as excessive thirst, little urine, dry mouth, chapped lips, confusion, and tiredness. It is a cause of body pain because the muscles, in the state of dehydration, generate toxic substances that irritate the nerve terminals.
10. Drug-induced myopathies
There is a long list of drugs, routinely indicated by the doctor and also drugs of abuse, that can induce this phenomenon. The manifestations range from mild muscle pain and weakness to severe chronic injury with the failure of both kidneys.
Some examples of myopathy-causing drugs and medicines are alcohol, cocaine, glucocorticoids, statins, antipsychotics, colchicine, and antiretrovirals. The adverse effect does not always appear, but you should be careful if these drugs are used.
Body pain has various causes.
The causes of body pain are so varied that listing them all would be impossible. Today we have presented you the most frequently and those that most afflict the world population.
If you have persistent pain that you cannot explain and affects your quality of life, you should consult a professional. It is important to identify the origins to implement an adequate treatment according to your needs. Avoid self-medication and make an appointment with your GP to take away your doubts.