Tonsillitis in children rarely causes complications. In any case, it is a medical condition that must be evaluated by the pediatrician, especially if the disease occurs recurrently.
Tonsillitis in children is a frequent health problem, especially during the first years of life. It is caused by the infection of various germs, although it rarely leads to complications.
Symptoms usually resolve within a short time without treatment. Despite this, some seek remedies to control them and accelerate their relief. How can you fight?
Tonsillitis in children
Tonsillitis is referred to when there is inflammation of one or both of the palatine tonsils. The latter are small masses of tissue in an oval shape, with great meatiness, which are located on both sides of the throat, just at the back.
Inside these packages are antibody-producing cells, whose function is to serve as the first line of defense against infectious agents. However, due to viruses or bacteria, they tend to become inflamed and cause discomfort.
The most common symptoms of tonsillitis in children are as follows:
- Persistent sore throat.
- Bad breath that doesn’t Finish with routine tooth brushing.
- Inflammation of the lymph nodes in the neck.
- Difficulty to swallow.
In the presence of these manifestations, the pediatrician should be consulted. Once the diagnosis of tonsillitis is made, the professional will guide you towards the best therapeutic options depending on the case.
Home treatments for tonsillitis in children
Tonsillitis in children, once diagnosed in the pediatric office, can be treated at home. With some basic care, it is possible to improve the symptoms until the disease subsides. In general, when its origin is viral, remission occurs after 7 days.
Optimal consumption of water and healthy liquids can be useful to treat tonsillitis in children. Although it will not cure the disease, it will improve symptoms such as irritation and dryness of the throat.
Also, since fever episodes can occur, it is essential to avoid dehydration. For this reason, several times a day, be sure to provide warm water, infusions with honey, broths, or fruit juices.
According to information published in the Mayo Clinic, humidifiers can contribute to the relief of respiratory symptoms. In this particular case, breathing moist air can soothe the dry throat and reduce pain.
Gargling is salt
Younger children should avoid this remedy. However, if they are of an age to do it properly, it is also an option for tonsillitis. As Sorana Segal-Maurer, chief of the Infectious Diseases Division at New York Hospital Queens, explains in an article by WebMD Corporation, this provides symptomatic relief.
Its application several times a day helps to reduce irritation and the presence of germs. To do this, simply add a quarter teaspoon of salt in a glass of warm water.
Irritants like cigarette smoke and cleaning chemicals can increase discomfort when children have tonsillitis. Therefore, to the extent possible, they should be avoided within the home.
Rest and feeding
Among other things, children should be encouraged to rest and sleep more to promote their recovery. This, added to adequate nutrition, will be decisive for relief. Some recommended foods are the following:
- Citrus fruits and red berries.
- Green leafy vegetables.
- Whole grains.
- Lean fish and meats.
Medical treatments for tonsillitis in children
If bacteria have caused tonsillitis in children, the pediatrician may indicate the taking of an oral antibiotic. If your source is a streptococcal infection, the most common is to give penicillin or alternative medicine if you are allergic to it.
It should be kept in mind that, although the symptoms are no longer present, the intake of the prescribed antibiotics must be complete. That is, the child must take the full dose that the pediatrician prescribed. The intake should not be cut during the indicated period; otherwise, the infection may worsen or spread.
Starting at age 4, a tablet may also be indicated. It will help calm symptoms temporarily. It is necessary to consult about the use of infantile paracetamol or ibuprofen in the case of fever. If it is low, the medication will not be necessary.
If tonsillitis in children appears recurrently in a short time, your pediatrician may suggest a surgery called a tonsillectomy in which the tonsils are removed. It is carried out in the following situations:
- If the episodes are repeat offenders.
- If there is sleep apnea.
- If you have a problem swallowing or breathing.
- When the child does not improve with antibiotics.
Contagion prevention measures
Tonsillitis in children is contagious. Germs can pass to another person and spread the disease by coughing or sneezing. For this reason, it is important to teach children to do it on the elbow crease and use handkerchiefs.
Good hygiene habits are essential. Minors must wash their hands several times a day and avoid sharing objects for personal use. Also, once the infection is over, your toothbrush needs to be replaced. Keep that in mind!