Irritation on the scalp is a very common symptom in people with sensitivity in this area. It is estimated that around 60% of women and 40% of men have this problem, which, as can be seen, is very common.
Although some give it little importance, the truth is that irritation in the scalp can cause many difficulties in daily life. Likewise, this ends up affecting the hair, since it makes it weaker and prone to lose.
Irritation on the scalp
The scalp is the skin that covers the head. It has some peculiarities, such as a greater presence of hair follicles and sebaceous glands. It has a high blood supply since this is what allows it to nourish those follicles and facilitate the correct development of the hair.
When there is irritation in the scalp, various symptoms occur, such as itching, tightness and, often, pain at the root of the hair. This occurs for many different causes that can be due to internal factors of the body or external aggressions.
Sometimes micro-inflammations occur, which are immune reactions of the skin to irritation on the scalp. It’s a failed attempt at self-repair. These are difficult to detect, and if after they occur, the skin becomes irritated again, they can lead to a larger scale inflammation.
In the long run, irritation to the scalp affects the quality of the hair, which becomes brittle and thin. It also favors hair loss and the appearance of dandruff.
The causes: a definite factor
To properly treat scalp irritation, the most important thing is to know the cause that produces it. At present, it is very common for this problem to be due to the effect of aggressive agents that act on this area of the skin.
Treatments to straighten, lighten or color hair include products that cause dermatitis in many people. This can be made worse if heat is used to apply these substances.
Something similar happens with shampoos that have a lot of preservatives and fragrances, especially if they do not rinse well after using them. Cold and dry climates, or too humid and hot, can also affect the good health of the scalp.
The sun burns the area, especially when a person has very fine hair or suffers from alopecia. This condition is called solar keratosis. Dandruff and general dermatological problems, such as psoriasis, also cause these types of irritations. Other factors that we can mention are the following:
- Environmental pollution.
- The stress.
- Unbalanced diets.
- Wear helmets for very long periods.
- Regular contact with chlorinated water.
How to treat irritation on the scalp?
Treatment of scalp irritation depends on the cause. In the first instance, the products used to color or modify the hair in any way should be controlled. It is advisable to avoid those that contain a substance called paraphenylenediamine, which tends to produce allergic reactions.
You have to be moderate with the use of the dryer and use a mild shampoo, hopefully, organic and without perfumes. Likewise, it should be rinsed very well so that there are no traces of it after bathing. If there is dandruff, it is best to use a medicated one and alternate it with another for normal use.
Other recommendations are as follows:
- Apply soothing masks, as natural as possible that they are rich in natural oils and do not contain silicones or bleaches. Also, do an exfoliation periodically with a product recommended by the dermatologist.
- Wear a hat if there is prolonged exposure to the sun.
- Massage the scalp regularly to activate circulation, as well as brush the hair with a soft bristle brush. Do not make very tight hairstyles.
- Apply olive oil to your scalp at night, rinse lightly, and wash your hair only until the next day.
- Enrich the diet with foods that contain fatty acids. It is convenient to ingest omega 3, 6, and 9, present in nuts and olive oil.
If you have a diagnosis of psoriasis or suspect that you have it, the best thing to do is go to the dermatologist to evaluate the situation. You should do the same if no homemade measure works for you.
What you must not do
It is inappropriate for you scratch when you itch scalp irritated; this makes the problem worse. If there is a lot of pain, cold compresses on the head help soothe the discomfort. In the case of children, it is advisable to put gloves on so they do not hurt themselves.
Avoid lacquers, gels and any product that contains alcohol or silicones. The latter clog the follicles and sebaceous glands, causing more problems. Astringent shampoos are not suitable either. If the problem is severe, do not hesitate to consult with the specialist.