A web page, electronic page or digital page is known as a digital document of a multimedia nature (that is, capable of including audio, video, text and their combinations), adapted to the standards of the World Wide Web ( WWW ) and to which It can be accessed through a web browser and an active Internet connection. It is the basic content format on the web.
On the Internet there are more than one billion Web pages of various kinds and diverse content, coming from all over the world and in the main languages spoken. This represents the main file of information of humanity that currently exists, stored throughout thousands of servers throughout the planet, which can be accessed quickly thanks to a system of communication protocols ( HTTP ).
In many cases, access to a Web page or its specific content may be subject to prohibitions, commercial payments or other types of identification methods (such as online registration).
The content of this immense virtual library is not completely supervised, also, and its regulation represents a challenge and a debate for the traditional institutions of humanity, such as the family, the school or even the laws of the countries.
Web pages are programmed in an HTML or XHTML format. They are characterized by their relationship between one and the other through hyperlinks: links to various content that allow a complex, simultaneous and diverse reading, very different from what we can find in books and magazines.
Finally, it is not the same to speak of a Web page ( Webpage ) and a Web site ( Website ), since the latter contains a variable number of the former.
What is a web page for?
Web pages fulfil the task of providing information of any kind and in any style or degree of formality.
Some, at the same time, allow different degrees of interaction between users or with an institution, such as forum pages, dating services or social networks, pages for buying and selling goods, pages for consulting or contacting companies. , governmental institutions or with NGOs, and even specialized technical support pages.
In principle, the functions of a Web page are as wide as the demand of the users and the offer of its creators.
Web page types
There are two types of Web page, depending on the way its content is generated:
- Static web pages. They operate by downloading a file programmed in HTML code, which contains all the instructions for the browser to rebuild the Web page, accessing the locations of its elements and following a rigid, preconceived order that does not allow interaction with the user. These types of pages are merely informative, documentary, not interactive.
- Dynamic web pages. Unlike the previous ones, dynamic Web pages are generated at the moment of user access, using an interpreted language (such as PHP), which allows it to receive requests from the user, process them in databases and offer a response according to your requirements.
A Web browser is one software application used to open Web pages in both a local path (such as hard drive) or from the Internet.
They are known as “browsers” or “explorers”, based on the metaphor that the Internet is a vast and crowded place, for which a platform is needed.
In this sense, Web browsers allow us to “enter” the Internet and view different content by entering URLs or using online data search services (known as Web Search Engines ).