On the eve of his 78th birthday, Joe Biden was elected this Saturday, 7, and became the oldest president in the history of the United States. With extensive political experience, the Democrat is trained in history, political science, and law. He was vice president of Barack Obama between 2009 and 2017. Prior to that, between 1973 and 2009, Biden served six consecutive terms as a Delaware state senator., where he lived almost all his life.
These years were preceded by a personal tragedy: a few weeks after the election, his wife Neilia and one-year-old daughter Naomi were killed in a car accident. Despite considering resigning from the job to look after the other two children, Beau and Hunter, Biden ended up becoming the sixth youngest senator in the country. He remarried three years later, to his current wife Jill.
His desire to become President of the United States is an old one. Biden ran for the nomination of his ticket to the presidential elections in 1988 and 2008, to no avail. In 2016, he withdrew his candidacy after the recent death of his son Beau, aged 46, from brain cancer. Now he reaches the top job in the country being considered a moderate Democrat, who believes in the value of bipartisanship and should open dialogue with Republicans, in addition to continuing the work that was done during the Obama administration.
JOE BIDEN’S PROPOSALS
His health proposals are the clearest examples of continuing the work that was done during the Obama administration. One of Biden’s priorities is to make the Affordable Care Act or “Obamacare” reach an even larger portion of the American population.
Federal law controls health insurance prices and makes services more accessible. Considering the current context, the Democrat has also pledged to act differently than Donald Trump with regard to the coronavirus pandemic: one of his promises is the free distribution of tests and the future Covid-19 vaccine across the country.
In order to mitigate the economic effects of the coronavirus, Biden plans to grant loans to small businesses and direct more money directly to families through social insurance. In addition, he supports raising the minimum wage at the federal level to $ 15 an hour, which has become quite popular with younger voters.
There should also be an increase in taxation on the wealthiest Americans, that is, who receives more than $ 400,000 a year. The idea is that the more the individual earns over that limit, the more taxes he will have to pay.
In light of recent demonstrations against structural racism in the United States, Joe Biden said during his campaign that the problem must be addressed with economic and social programs that support these minorities. So he said he wanted to create an investment fund for businesses run by black people and also reformulate criminal justice.
This transformation of criminal justice would occur through the reduction of penalties, the implementation of rehabilitation programs for prisoners, and even the decriminalization of marijuana. The proposals run counter to Biden’s stance throughout the 1990s when he advocated harsh punishments against criminals in the Senate.
Finally, the Democrat also promises to decrease crime in the country by changing the rules for arms purchases. Stricter background checks would be implemented, in addition to the ban on online sales and the limitation of the number of weapons per person. Biden also wants to prohibit anyone who is convicted of a hate crime from purchasing a weapon.
The newest president of the United States is also a strong supporter of clean alternative energy sources: one of his biggest ambitions is for the country to become totally free of carbon gas emissions by 2050, a plan that if raised further will require heavy investment. in infrastructure and will displease US oil companies. Recalling that Biden won the Brazilian headlines when talking about a possible interference against the burning and destruction of the Amazon.
Democrat Joe Biden’s stance in relation to the Amazon and carbon dioxide emissions demonstrate his intention to change the way the United States behaves on the international stage going forward. During the past four years, Donald Trump has imposed the “America First” ideal, which places the country in a more isolationist and less interventionist position. According to FAAP Professor of International Relations, Carlos Gustavo Poggio, the Republican, “as a businessman, he had an accounting view of international relations and did not realize the benefits of American leadership in the world.
Hence the departure of world organizations like the UN and NATO, created by the United States itself after the Second World War. With the election of Biden, it is likely that the country will now try to repair the relationship with other countries and global institutions, in addition to re-establishing some strategic alliances, mainly with European nations through the end of the restrictive migration policies implemented by Trump. However, there is a consensus among Democrats and Republicans that there is a need to end the so-called “forever wars” and the view of China as a major national enemy, which is likely to continue for the next four years.