Wrinkles are the usual obvious symbol of ageing. However, beyond age, there are other factors associated with its appearance. How to prevent them? In this space, we detail it.
The reasons why wrinkles come out are varied. In general, we could say that it is an inevitable consequence of the ageing process of the skin. However, this is not the only factor associated with its appearance.
As the years go by, the layers that make up the skin are altered. With the decrease of some components, such as collagen or elastin, the skin tissue loses much of its firmness, structure and elasticity. So what to do to prevent them? Find out!
Why do wrinkles come out?
The collagen fibres that make up the skin begin to lose from the age of 20, as do the elastin fibres. Therefore, from the age of 25, changes in the thinness and fragility of the skin begin to be glimpsed. Next, we explain by age why wrinkles come out.
From 20 to 30 years
The skin is at its best, with its adequate defences and abundant elastin and collagen fibres that support it, helping to avoid the appearance of wrinkles.
In this period, it is advisable to start preventive treatments, since providing the necessary nutrients or avoiding external damage will result in younger and healthier skin in the future.
From 30 to 40 years old
According to The American Journal of Pathology, levels of collagen and elastin begin to decrease or weaken in their action. Changes caused by sun damage can be glimpsed, which conditions care to be taken in protecting and regenerating the skin.
From 40 to 50 years
The skin becomes rougher, and the lines of expression are more pronounced, which are located superimposed on the static wrinkles—the signs of an ageing increase in quantity and depth. In turn, the skin loses its firmness and increases sagging.
At this stage, because estrogen levels in women are reduced, the characteristic luminosity is lost. It may also increase dryness and the presence of other blemishes.
From 50 to 60 years
Spots appear on the skin, which added to ageing make the skin tissue even rougher. Dynamic wrinkles are well pronounced, and static wrinkles considerably increase their depth and quantity.
How to prevent wrinkles?
It is already clear why wrinkles come out at each stage. Now, we will see some methods that contribute to its prevention. Of course, keep in mind that these are a sign of inevitable age. Therefore, preventive methods will only serve to delay their appearance.
In any case, and according to information from the American Association of the Academy of Dermatology, these basic cares apply to all ages. Put them into practice!
The main cause of ageing is the damage caused by the sun. The use of a sun protection factor greater than or equal to 50 is recommended, even on cloudy days. Likewise, if the exposure is for a long time, it should be reapplied every 2 hours.
Other protective accessories are UV-filter sunglasses and wide-brimmed hats. Studies published in the journal Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology expose that sun exposure would be responsible for 80% of the facial signs of old age.
If your skin is not clean at night, its oxygenation will be difficult. The pores will be dirty and more open. It is during rest that the skin is renewed and regenerates with more intensity; therefore, the habit of removing make-up from the face should not be forgotten.
Professionals must dermo-cosmetics endorse the products that are used in the cosmetic routine of care; The quality and the way of using them should not be neglected.
Drink enough water
Drinking at least 2 litres a day is vital to keep your body hydrated and your skin in full splendour. The body needs to maintain optimal levels of hydration for all its systems to work perfectly.
It should not be forgotten that the amount of hyaluronic acid begins to decrease from the age of 40, which leads to dehydrated and puffy skin, with loss of elasticity and wrinkles.
Avoid tobacco and alcohol consumption
These harmful habits for the body are also harmful to the skin. The toxins contained in cigarettes affect the heart, lungs and the proper oxygenation of epithelial cells.
Studies by Annals of Internal Medicine have determined that smokers have signs of premature ageing and are more likely to suffer from skin cancer.
Doing physical activity
Being physically active releases endorphins and helps to avoid stress. It also helps slow the ageing of the skin. Muscle fibres, when contracted, release a substance (myokines) that has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects.
Ways to sleep
Sleeping on your stomach is one of the positions that generate more wrinkles on the face. As detailed in an American Society for Dermatologic Surgery publication, this is caused by twisting of the sheets and pressure of the face on the pillow. In the neckline region, it is easy to find fan-shaped wrinkles if the person has the habit of sleeping with her arms crossed.
Prevention is better than treatment
If what you want is to have wrinkle-free and youthful skin for much longer, you must be consistent with cleaning and hydration habits. Also, complement this with good nutrition, sun protection and optimal rest.